Faith And Rationality Reason And Belief In God PdfBy Rosilda M. In and pdf 20.03.2021 at 16:16 5 min read
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- Religious Epistemology
- Faith And Rationality: Reason and Belief in God
- Faith and Reason
- Plantinga and the Rationality of Religious Belief
Over the past years, the question regarding rationality and faith in God has dominated many important discussions. In fact, the question has long been a source of argument amongst individuals who believe in God and those who believe that God exists. There is a difference between having faith in God and knowing that He exists.
Traditionally, faith and reason have each been considered to be sources of justification for religious belief. Because both can purportedly serve this same epistemic function, it has been a matter of much interest to philosophers and theologians how the two are related and thus how the rational agent should treat claims derived from either source. Some have held that there can be no conflict between the two—that reason properly employed and faith properly understood will never produce contradictory or competing claims—whereas others have maintained that faith and reason can or even must be in genuine contention over certain propositions or methodologies. Those who have taken the latter view disagree as to whether faith or reason ought to prevail when the two are in conflict. Other thinkers have theorized that faith and reason each govern their own separate domains, such that cases of apparent conflict are resolved on the side of faith when the claim in question is, say, a religious or theological claim, but resolved on the side of reason when the disputed claim is, for example, empirical or logical. Some relatively recent philosophers, most notably the logical positivists, have denied that there is a domain of thought or human existence rightly governed by faith, asserting instead that all meaningful statements and ideas are accessible to thorough rational examination. This has presented a challenge to religious thinkers to explain how an admittedly nonrational or transrational form of language can hold meaningful cognitive content.
There are several possible views of the relationship of Faith to Reason. They are:. It is rational to believe in God and spirits and other religious claims. Reason and Faith are compatible with one another as is Science and Religion because there is but one truth. This is the position of the single largest religious group on earth in the Roman Catholics and has been theirs for some time. Compatible Aquinas. The basic religious beliefs are compatible with reason.
Faith And Rationality: Reason and Belief in God
Faith , derived from Latin fides and Old French feid ,  is confidence or trust in a person , thing, or concept. James W. Fowler — proposes a series of stages of faith-development or spiritual development across the human life-span. His stages relate closely to the work of Piaget , Erikson, and Kohlberg regarding aspects of psychological development in children and adults. Fowler defines faith as an activity of trusting, committing, and relating to the world based on a set of assumptions of how one is related to others and the world.
Faith and Reason
Belief in God, or some form of transcendent Real, has been assumed in virtually every culture throughout human history. The issue of the reasonableness or rationality of belief in God or particular beliefs about God typically arises when a religion is confronted with religious competitors or the rise of atheism or agnosticism. Is belief in God rational?
Faith and reason are like two wings on which the human spirit rises to the contemplation of truth; and God has placed in the human heart a desire to know the truth—in a word, to know himself—so that, by knowing and loving God, men and women may also come to the fullness of truth about themselves cf. Ex ; Ps ; ; Jn ; 1 Jn In both East and West, we may trace a journey which has led humanity down the centuries to meet and engage truth more and more deeply. It is a journey which has unfolded—as it must—within the horizon of personal self-consciousness: the more human beings know reality and the world, the more they know themselves in their uniqueness, with the question of the meaning of things and of their very existence becoming ever more pressing. This is why all that is the object of our knowledge becomes a part of our life.
Philosophy and the Grammar of Religious Belief pp Cite as. In modem times, Enlightenment criteria of rationality required that philosophically respectable religious beliefs be based on valid arguments from premises acceptable to any rational person. Heroic efforts failed to produce such arguments, and by the middle of the twentieth century philosophical discussions of religion by then professionalised into the subdiscipline of philosophy of religion put those who took both their religion and their philosophy seriously almost entirely on the defensive. Philosophy of religion, at least in the analytic mainstream of professional philosophy, was dominated by sceptical challenges to the rationality or even the very meaningfulness of religious belief. Unable to display preview.
In contrast to the more rationalistic tradition of natural theology, with its arguments for the existence of God, fideism holds—or at any rate appears to hold more on this caveat shortly —that reason is unnecessary and inappropriate for the exercise and justification of religious belief. The term itself derives from fides , the Latin word for faith , and can be rendered literally as faith-ism.
Plantinga and the Rationality of Religious Belief
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In the philosophy of religion , Reformed epistemology is a school of philosophical thought concerning the nature of knowledge epistemology as it applies to religious beliefs. Alvin Plantinga distinguishes between what he calls de facto from de jure objections to Christian belief. A de facto objection is one that attempts to show that Christian truth claims are false. In contrast, de jure objections attempt to undermine Christian belief even if it is, in fact, true. Plantinga argues that there are no successful objections to Christian belief apart from de facto fact-based objections. Reformed epistemology was so named because it represents a continuation of the 16th-century Reformed theology of John Calvin , who postulated a sensus divinitatis , an innate divine awareness of God's presence. Although Plantinga's Reformed epistemology developed over three decades, it was not fully articulated until with the publication of two books in an eventual trilogy: Warrant: The Current Debate ,  and Warrant and Proper Function.
Pages·· MB· Downloads·New! Faith and Rationality: Reason and Belief in God Alvin Plantinga|Nicholas Wolterstor.
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