Air Pollution Causes Effects And Solutions Pdf

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Jump to navigation. Air pollution refers to the release of pollutants into the air that are detrimental to human health and the planet as a whole. The Clean Air Act authorizes the U. Environmental Protection Agency EPA to protect public health by regulating the emissions of these harmful air pollutants.

Causes, Effects, and Solutions for the Woes of Air Pollution on Human Life

A physical, biological or chemical alteration to the air present in the atmosphere is referred to as air pollution. Air pollution occurs whenever any harmful gases, dust mites, smoke or smog enters into our atmosphere and makes it difficult for plants, animals, and humans to breathe as the air becomes toxic and contaminated.

Air pollution can be caused by primary sources or secondary sources. Primary air pollutants are the ones that are a direct result of the process causing air pollution. A popular example of a primary pollutant is the sulphur dioxide emitted from factories and industries.

Secondary pollutants are those which are caused indirectly by the intermingling of primary pollutants. Sulphur dioxide emitted from the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and similar factory combustibles is one of the major causes of air pollution. Smoke emitted from vehicles like cars, trucks, jeeps, trains, and airplanes give rise to air pollution.

Carbon Monoxide formation produced by vehicles due to improper combustion is a primary pollutant. Nitrogen Oxides, which results from natural as well as man-made processes, is another cause of air pollution. Manufacturing factories and industries release a massive amount of carbon monoxide, organic compounds, hydrocarbons, and chemicals into the atmosphere, thereby deprecating the quality of air.

Petroleum refineries also emit hydrocarbons and several other chemicals which cause air as well as land pollution. Ammonia is one of the most common by-products of agriculture and allied activities.

It is also one of the most toxic gases in the atmosphere. Furthermore, the use of insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers has increased a lot in agro-based activities.

These release harmful chemicals into the air, and lead to both air and water pollution. Household cleaning products, painting supplies release hazardous chemicals in the air and give rise to air pollution. Suspended particulate matter, or SPM, is another major cause of air pollution. SPM is commonly caused by combustion, dust, etc.

Mining is a process where minerals below the earth are extracted with the help of large equipment. During the mining process, dust and toxic chemicals are released into the atmosphere, leading to air pollution. Mining operations are largely responsible for the deteriorating health conditions of mine workers as well as nearby residents.

It is difficult to ignore the immediate adverse effects of air pollution on human health. The most common reactions to it are watering of eyes, coughing, and difficulty in breathing. In , air pollution was linked to 6. What is more alarming is that air pollution can harm you even before you take your first breath. Exposure to high levels of air pollution during pregnancy has been linked to miscarriages as well as premature birth, autism spectrum disorder and asthma in young children.

Children who breathe in higher levels of contaminants are at a greater risk of short term respiratory infections and pulmonary diseases. Besides the obvious - asthma , other illnesses and conditions associated with increasing levels of air pollution include chronic bronchitis, emphysema, as well as lung cancer. Pollutants can adversely affect cardiovascular health through hardened arteries, thereby increasing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

The following precautionary actions may be taken to reduce the level of air pollution. The following are some simple yet effective health tips to combat air pollution are as follows. The more cars there are in the streets, greater will be the pollution generated in the air. If you and your friends or colleagues travel to and from the same locality, and have compatible timings, resort to carpooling together to save energy as well as money.

Otherwise, use more and more of public transport such as buses, auto rickshaws, etc. Maintain restricted use electronic appliances. A large amount of fossil fuels are burned in order to produce electricity. Air pollution can be reduced by decreasing the number of fossil fuels to be burned. Clean energy technologies such as solar, wind and geothermal are extremely beneficial for the environment.

Installing more and more solar panels will go a long way in eradicating air pollution. Prevention is indeed better than cure.

However, for people residing in cities that have a long way to go before they are pollution free, the best solution is air purifiers. However, a more technologically advanced option is a wearable air purifier. Wearable air purifiers are compact, lightweight, energy-efficient and provide the user with clean, safe air on the go. The best wearable air purifier available in the market today is the AirTamer Air Purifier. It entails the use of advanced ionic technology, and emits close to 2 million healthy negative ions per second, which cleanses the surrounding air of viruses, bacteria, pollens, smoke, dust mites, allergens, pet dander, etc.

Equipped with the power boost technology, the AirTamer A is certified to work nine times more efficiently than its closest contenders, and is distributed in India exclusively by GlobalKart. Disclaimer: This is a user generated content for MyStory, a YourStory initiative to enable its community to contribute and have their voices heard. The views and writings here reflect that of the author and not of YourStory. By Amit Dhaniya 13th Aug Share on. What is Air Pollution? Trending Now Trending Stories.

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One of the biggest problems concerning our daily lives is what we breathe and is it good for our lungs. Our air is filled with dangerous airborne particles that can cause many respiratory diseases. Air pollution can be caused naturally as well as man-made. This is one powerful force that can kill an entire civilization gradually and the worst part is that it affects the entire environment and the surrounding areas around it. Air pollution can be caused naturally by fine particles emitted out of coal and wood and this can pollute the air surrounding you. These pollutants have the capability of entering your blood vessels and spread throughout your body. According to a recent report published by the World Health Organisation WHO states that outdoor air pollution is a reconning risk to human health.

What is Air Pollution? · 1. Respiratory and Heart Problems · 2. Child Health Problems · 3. Global Warming · 4. Acid Rain · 5. Eutrophication · 6. Effect on Wildlife · 7.

Solutions to air pollution

When people think of air pollution, most immediately picture heavy smog drifting over cities and industrial plants. These substances linger and cause many adverse effects. As you know, humans and other living creatures rely on the atmosphere for respiration. When air quality is dampened by pollution, immediate and longer term consequences take place.

Air Pollution: Everything You Need to Know

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Air pollution is the presence of gases and solid particles that result in adverse health effects. They are either natural or human-made. Common air pollutants include ground-level ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, lead, and particulate matter. Here's what you need to know about air pollution, and what's being done about it. The greatest threats to human health In the United States are ground-level ozone and airborne particles. The first threat, ground-level or "bad" ozone, is not emitted directly into the air. It is created by chemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen NOx and volatile organic compounds VOC in the presence of sunlight.

A physical, biological or chemical alteration to the air present in the atmosphere is referred to as air pollution. Air pollution occurs whenever any harmful gases, dust mites, smoke or smog enters into our atmosphere and makes it difficult for plants, animals, and humans to breathe as the air becomes toxic and contaminated. Air pollution can be caused by primary sources or secondary sources.

Below is an introduction to the principal pollutants produced by industrial, domestic and traffic sources: View a glossary for terms used in air pollution. Historically, the main air pollution problem in both developed and rapidly industrialising countries has typically been high levels of smoke and sulphur dioxide emitted following the combustion of sulphur-containing fossil fuels such as coal, used for domestic and industrial puposes. These days, the major threat to clean air is now posed by traffic emissions. Petrol and diesel-engined motor vehicles emit a wide variety of pollutants, principally carbon monoxide CO , oxides of nitrogen NO x , volatile organic compounds VOCs and particulate matter PM 10 , which have an increasing impact on urban air quality. In addition, pollutants from these sources may not only prove a problem in the immediate vicinity of these sources, but can be transported long distances.

Air pollution occurs when gases, dust particles, fumes (or smoke) or odour are introduced into the atmosphere in a way that makes it harmful to humans, animals and plant. It creates smog and acid rain, causes cancer and respiratory diseases, reduces the ozone layer atmosphere and contributes to global warming.

What is Air Pollution?

We tend to look skywards when talking about pollution, but this problem is not confined to our skies. The soil in which our fruit and vegetables grow is also suffering its consequences, the effects of which getting to us directly, for instance, through the aforementioned foodstuffs. The time has come to look after what lies under our feet! Soil pollution is mostly caused by chemical substances produced by human activity.

Find out the causes, effects and solutions to air pollution, and how you can contribute to prevent, control and reduce it. Air pollution is one of the biggest threats for the environment and affects everyone: humans, animals, crops, cities, forests, aquatic ecosystems What causes air pollution? What are the effects?


Air pollution is one such form that refers to the contamination of the air, irrespective of indoors or outside.


Antoine P.
22.03.2021 at 00:30 - Reply

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