Society And Technological Change Rudi Volti PdfBy Leala T. In and pdf 01.04.2021 at 09:40 8 min read
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Published by Worth Publishers in New York. Written in English. Society and Technological Change Volti.
Sort by title original date published date published avg rating num ratings format. Editions Showing of Society and Technological Change Paperback. Author s :. Rudi Volti.
When Should It? His books and articles have covered a variety of topics on the interaction of technology and society, including technology transfer to East Asia, the history of the engineering profession, the origin of frozen foods, and the history of automobile engines. His personal encounters with modern technology center on cars, motorcycles, and model railroading.
Since that time, ongoing technological changes and new ways of interpreting the interaction of technology and society have provided new opportunities to revise and expand suc- ceeding editions. Even so, the animating spirit of the book remains the same. This seventh edition of Society and Technological Change continues to explore the many ways in which various technologies have influenced our lives.
At the same time, it shows how these technologies have themselves been shaped by social, economic, cultural, and political forces, and that the study of technology is important not just for its own sake but also for what it tells us about the kinds of societies we make for ourselves. It presents perspectives, theories, and facts that should help the reader to understand the consequences of technological changes, as well as the forces that have produced these changes.
Many specific examples of the interaction between technological change and other changes are introduced, for general pro- cesses are often best understood through references to particular instances. In particular, the seventh edition of this book now devotes an entire chapter to the Internet and digital communications media. Among the topics covered are weapons such as cruise missiles, smart bombs, and drones, which are raising remote-control warfare to a new level.
Also discussed are cyberattacks, terrorism, the financial costs of technologically sophisticated weaponry, and the psychological distance that new weapons put between those who deploy them and the consequences of their deployment.
Some of the most important issues involving technology and society center on health, both the health of humans and the health of the earth. In regard to the latter, the broad issue of sustainability is addressed by expanded coverage of climate change and the use of sources of energy other than fossil fuels.
As far as human health is concerned, advances in genetics research are giving rise to new healing technologies. At the same time, however, DNA-based technologies also pose many practical and ethical problems that are noted in an expanded chapter on these technologies.
Apart from human health concerns, genetic technologies offer a number of benefits, everything from improved crop yields to ascertaining the guilt or innocence of criminal suspects. These too present a number of concerns that will be explored in this chapter. The preparation of this new edition also has provided an opportunity to update and extend many pertinent facts and statistics.
These include new data on climate change, the costs of medical care, unemployment, the distribution of income, video game sales, the use of various media including e-mail, mobile phones, and social media , future employment prospects, and government support of research and development.
Also new in this edition are short introductions to related chapter groupings that preview some of the overarching themes of each chapter. In addition, new dis- cussion questions have been added at the end of every chapter, intended to stimu- late further consideration of how particular technologies interact with the societies in which they emerge, are adopted, and mutate. Although this edition has quite a lot of new material, no pretense is made that it presents an all-encompassing view of technology and society.
Much has been left out because of space limitations and my own limitations of time, energy, and expertise. At the same time, systematic study of the interactions between technol- ogy and society is a relatively recent endeavor, and many gaps remain to be filled.
It can only be hoped that this book will provide a foundation for thought and future study. If annoyance at the inadequacy of coverage leads the reader to undertake more extensive explorations of some of the topics presented, then this book will have served its purpose.
Acknowledgments Writing can be a lonely activity. While I was putting this book together, some of my loneliness was alleviated by being able to call on a number of colleagues for assistance.
I would like to thank the following people for reading portions of the manuscript and making invaluable suggestions: Hugh G. Williams, and Andrew W. Their knowledge and expertise exceed my ability to make complete use of the help they have given me, and they are not responsible for any errors of fact or interpretation that may be found in these pages. I would also like to thank the editorial and production staffs of Worth Publishers. Sarah Berger and Kirk Bomont have been terrific sources of guidance and encouragement; although I am pleased to see the publication of this new edi- tion, I will miss our regular conferences regarding its style and content.
Finally, special thanks go to my wife, Ann Stromberg, and our daughter, Kate, for their unfailing support. The term is a familiar one, but like many words in current circulation it carries with it a multitude of meanings. Chapter 1 offers a definition of technology that is meant to be precise but elastic enough to cover the many connotations of the word.
Although technology is often associated with particular items of hardware, the ultimate basis of technology is knowledge, and the chapter delineates the ways of thinking that are associated with technological advance.
This aspect of technological change is often ignored, making it hard to resist the temptation to seek technological fixes for problems that require more than the introduction of new devices and processes. This chapter describes the kinds of situations where technological fixes are likely to be successful and others where they are doomed to failure.
Recent technological developments have presented us with such marvels as spacecraft leaving the solar system, instant access to billions of Internet Web pages, and diseases cured through gene therapy.
At the same time, however, the seemingly inexorable march of technology has produced global pollution, overpopulation, and the threat of nuclear annihilation. On many occasions technological change has also produced social disruptions, as when automation destroys jobs in a particular industry or a new weapon upsets the balance of power between nations. And when technologies fail, some of them do so in a big way, as exemplified by the loss of the Challenger and Columbia space shuttles, the massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the catastrophic failure of the Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan, and the disastrous breaching of the levees in New Orleans in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.
Despite all the crises, disruptions, and disasters that have accompanied it, modern technology is still viewed in a favorable light, according to public opinion surveys. Although significant minorities of respondents express their disapproval of certain technologies like nuclear power and genetically modified foods, the positive achievements of technology as a whole are seen to substantially outweigh the negative ones.
When confronting technology, most of us are poorly informed spectators, seemingly incapable of understanding an esoteric realm of lasers, microprocessors, gene splicing, and nanomaterials. This inability to understand technology and perceive its effects on our society and on ourselves is one of the greatest, if most subtle, problems of an age that has been so heavily influenced by technological change. Although no one can hope to comprehend the inner workings of even a small number of the most significant technologies, it is still possible to come to a better understanding of the major causes and consequences of technological change.
All technologies, be they high-definition televisions or reinforced concrete bridges, have some basic features in common. It will be the task of this chapter to show what they are. Defining Technology Gaining an understanding of the meaning of words is often the beginning of knowledge. Before plunging into a discussion of the nature of technology, it is. Technologies are developed and applied so that we can do things not otherwise possible, or so that we can do them cheaper, faster, and more easily.
The capacity of human beings to employ technologies sets us apart from other creatures. To be sure, beavers build dams, otters crack open shellfish with rocks, and chimpanzees use sticks to extract termites from their nests. But no other animal comes close to humans in the ability to create tools and techniques—the first two elements in our definition of technology—and no other creature is so dependent on them.
The development of technology is in large measure responsible for the survival and expansion of a species that lacks many of the innate abilities of other animals. Left with only their innate physical capabilities, humans cannot match the speed of a cheetah, the strength of an elephant, or the leaping ability of a kangaroo. They do not possess the eyesight of an eagle or the defensive armament of a porcupine, and they are among the 25 percent of all species that are incapable of flying.
All in all, humankind is a physically puny bunch. But compensating for this physical weakness is an intelligence that is the ultimate source of technology. Humans stand apart from all other animals in their ability to gain and transmit knowledge, and to use this knowledge to develop tools and techniques. Without this capacity to invent and use a great variety of technologies, members of the human species would have never been able to establish themselves on virtually every part of the globe.
Reliance on technology is as old as humanity itself. Tools and techniques have been of unquestioned importance in allowing the physical survival of the human species. Still, they are not the whole story.
It is necessary to add some elements to our definition of technology that go beyond the usual identification of technology with pieces of hardware and ways of manipulating them. The first of these is organization. This follows from the fact that the development, production, and employment of particular technologies require a group effort.
Even a relatively simple technology, such as one centering on the use of earthenware pots, requires a complex network of material suppliers, potters, tool makers, marketing agents, and consumers capable of making good use of the pots.
Of course, one person can learn all these skills adequately if not expertly, but the day is not long enough for him or her to do them all on a scale that produces a reasonable degree of efficiency. In the case of a complex technology like a computerized manufacturing system, there is no possibility of a single individual developing even a tiny fraction of ….
The Nature of Technology 5 It is necessary to add some elements to our definition of technology that go beyond the usual identification of technology with pieces of hardware and ways of manipulating them.
Society and Technological Change
Technology society and life or technology and culture refers to the inter-dependency, co-dependence , co-influence, and co-production of technology and society upon one another. Evidence for this synergy has been found since humanity first started using simple tools. The inter-relationship has continued as modern technologies such as the printing press and computers have helped shape society. The first scientific approach to this relationship occurred with the development of tektology , the "science of organization", in early twentieth century Imperial Russia. The simplest form of technology is the development and use of basic tools.
Technology and society
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With an engaging and insightful presentation, Rudi Volti examines both how technology has influenced our lives and how it is shaped by the societies that create it. Read online or offline with all the highlighting and notetaking tools you need to be successful in this course. Learn About E-book. His books and articles have covered a variety of topics relating to the interaction of technology and society, including technology transfer to East Asia, the history of the engineering profession, the origin of frozen foods, and the history of automobile engines. You need to sign in as a verified instructor to access the Test Bank. Learn more about our Test Banks. Click the E-mail Download Link button and we'll send you an e-mail at with links to download your instructor resources.
Updated, inviting and accessible — the definitive introduction to the study of society and technology. With an engaging and insightful presentation, Society and Technological Change examines both how technology has influenced our lives and how it is shaped by the societies that create it. The new Eighth Edition features new and updated coverage of topics like Uber, the Gig Economy, income inequality, cyber attacks, and social media and the network effect. Full of real-life examples to boost your comprehension, it also offers thought-provoking discussion questions that will inspire you to further apply the concepts. Read online or offline with all the highlighting and notetaking tools you need to be successful in this course. His books and articles have covered a variety of topics relating to the interaction of technology and society, including technology transfer to East Asia, the history of the engineering profession, the origin of frozen foods, and the history of automobile engines. Rental FAQs.
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